AIDS Fact Sheet 2014

People living with HIV In 2013, there were 35 million people living with HIV. Since the start of the epidemic, around 78 million ...

People living with HIV

  • In 2013, there were 35 million [33.2 million–37.2 million] people living with HIV.
    • Since the start of the epidemic, around 78 million [71 million–87 million] people have become infected with HIV and 39 million [35 million–43 million] people have died of AIDS-related illnesses.

New HIV infections

  • New HIV infections have fallen by 38% since 2001.
    • Worldwide, 2.1 million [1.9 million–2.4 million] people became newly infected with HIV in 2013, down from 3.4 million [3.3 million–3.6 million] in 2001.
  • New HIV infections among children have declined by 58% since 2001.
    • Worldwide, 240 000 [210 000–280 000] children became newly infected with HIV in 2013, down from 580 000 [530 000–640 000] in 2001.

AIDS-related deaths

  • AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 35% since the peak in 2005.
    • In 2013, 1.5 million [1.4 million–1.7 million] people died from AIDS-related causes worldwide compared to 2.4 million [2.2 million–2.6 million] in 2005.

Antiretroviral therapy

  • As of June 2014, 13.6 million people living with HIV had access to antiretroviral therapy.
    • In 2013, the number was 12.9 million or 37% [35%-39%] of all people living with HIV.
    • 38% [36%-40%] of all adults living with HIV are receiving treatment. However, just 24% [22%-26%] of all children living with HIV are receiving the lifesaving medicines.

HIV/tuberculosis

  • Tuberculosis-related deaths in people living with HIV have fallen by 33% since 2004.
    • Tuberculosis remains the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, with an estimated 360 000 [310 000–410 000] deaths in 2013.
    • In 2013, the percentage of identified HIV-positive tuberculosis patients who were started or continued on antiretroviral treatment reached 70% (up from 60% in 2012).

Investments

  • To end the AIDS epidemic by 2030, resources required in low- and middle-income countries will increase. In low-income countries, US$ 9.7 billion will be required in 2020, while the figure in lower-middle-income countries will be US$ 8.7 billion and the figure in upper-middle-countries will be US$ 17.2 billion.
  • Upper-middle-income countries finance most of the total HIV-related investments from domestic public sources (80% in 2013). Lower-middle-income and low-income countries contribute 22% and 10%, respectively.
  • The global resource needs will start to reduce from 2020, and, by 2030, the annual resources required in all low- and middle-income countries will decline to US$ 32.8 billion, down 8% from the amount needed in 2020. These resources will provide antiretroviral treatment to twice as many people in 2020 than in 2015.

REGIONAL STATISTICS

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • In 2013, there were 24.7 million [23.5 million – 26.1 million] people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • Women account for 58% of the total number of people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 1.5 million [1.3 million – 1.6 million] new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • New HIV infections declined by 33% between 2005 and 2013.
    • Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for almost 70% of the global total of new HIV infections.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, 1.1 million [1.0 million – 1.3 million] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa fell by39%.
  • Treatment coverage is 37% of all people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • 67% of men and 57% of women were not receiving ART in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013.
    • Three out of four people on ART live in sub-Saharan Africa.
    • In Nigeria 80% of people do not have access to treatment.
  • There were 210 000 [180 000 – 250 000] new HIV infections among children in sub-Saharan Africa in 2013.
    • Since 2009, there has been a 43% decline in new HIV infections among children in the 21 priority countries of the Global Plan in Africa.

Asia and the Pacific

  • In 2013, there were 4.8 million [4.1 million – 5.5 million] people living with HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 350 000 [250 000 – 510 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections declined by 6% between 2005 and 2013
    • Indonesia is cause for concern – new HIV infections have risen by 48% since 2005
  • In Asia and the Pacific, 250 000 [210 000 – 290 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 27%.
    • India accounts for 51% of all AIDS-related deaths in the region.
  • Treatment coverage is 33% [28 – 38] of all people living with HIV in Asia and the Pacific.
  • An estimated 3.1 million aduts were not receiving ART in Asia and the Pacific in 2013.
    • Only two countries in Asia and the Pacific, Thailand and Cambodia, have more than 50% of all people living with HIV currently on antiretroviral treatment.
  • There were 22 000 [18 000 – 32 000] new HIV infections among children in Asia and the Pacific in 2013.
    • Since 2009, there has been a 15% decline in new HIV infections among children in the region.

Latin America

  • In 2013, there were 1.6 million [1.4 million – 2.4 million] people living with HIV in Latin America.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 94 000 [71 000 – 170 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections declined by 3% between 2005 and 2013
  • In Latin America, 47 000 [39 000 – 75 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 31%
  • Treatment coverage is 45% [33 – 51] of all people living with HIV in Latin America.
    • There were 1800 [<1000 – 7400] new HIV infections among children in Latin America in 2013.

Western and Central Europe and North America

  • In 2013, there were 2.3 million [2.0 million – 3.0 million] people living with HIV in Western and Central Europe and North America.
    • The United States accounts for 56% of people living with HIV in this part of the world.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 88 000 [44 000 – 160 000] new HIV infections in the region.
  • In Western and Central Europe and North America, 27 000 [23 000 – 34 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by 2%.
  • Treatment coverage is 51% [39-60] of all people living with HIV.
  • There were <500 [<200 – <500] new HIV infections among children in Western and Central Europe and North America in 2013.

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • In 2013, there were 1.1 million [980 000 – 1.3 million] people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 110 000 [86 000 – 130 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections rose by 5% between 2005 and 2013
  • In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 53 000 [43 000 – 69 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region rose by 5%
  • Treatment coverage is 21% [18-24] of all people living with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  • There were <1000 [<1000 – 1200] new HIV infections among children in Eastern Europe and Central Asia in 2013.

The Caribbean

  • In 2013, there were 250 000 [230 000 – 280 000] people living with HIV in the Caribbean.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 12 000 [9400 – 14 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections declined by 40% between 2005 and 2013.
  • In the Caribbean, 11 000 [8300 – 14 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region fell by half.
    • Haiti accounted for 59% of all AIDS related deaths in the region in 2013.
  • Treatment coverage is 42% of people 15 years or older living with HIV in Caribbean– anincrease of 31% since 2011.
  • There were <1000 [<500 – <1000] new HIV infections among children in Caribbean in 2013.

Middle East and North Africa

  • In 2013, there were 230 000 [160 000 – 330 000] people living with HIV in the the Middle East and North Africa.
  • In 2013, there were an estimated 25 000 [14 000 – 41 000] new HIV infections in the region.
    • New HIV infections rose by 7% between 2005 and 2013
  • In the Middle East and North Africa, 15 000 [10 000 – 21 000] people died of AIDS-related causes in 2013.
    • Between 2005 and 2013 the number of AIDS-related deaths in the region rose by 66%.
  • Treatment coverage is 11% [8 – 16] of people living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa
  • There were 2300 [1500 – 3400] new HIV infections among children in the Middle East and North Africa in 2013
Source:
UNAIDS - Fact Sheet

AIDS Fact Sheet - Infographic

 

AIDS Fact Sheet 2014
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Development
Marco Principia

Born in Rome, his beloved city. Graduated with honors in Political Science and International Relations at Università degli Studi "Roma Tre". Expert of current affairs and United Nations. Recently attended a course in Humanitarian Emergency at INTERSOS. Currently employed at CIES - ONLUS in the Coordination and Organization Office for Interpreting and Translation Service for Territorial Commissions for the Recognition of International Protection. Huge fan of A.S. Roma.
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